Designer: Gary Mull | Robert E. Derecktor, Inc.
Year Built: 1986 | Other Names: R-1 Ecosse (2000)
Length Overall: 20.12m
Construction: aluminum alloy
First Owner: Golden Gate Challenge, San Francisco, U.S.A.
Current Owner: James Heckman | Homeport: Newport, RI
USA, nicknamed “R-1” for “Revolutionary” was built by the Golden Gate Challenge San Francisco with a torpedo ballast keel and two rudders aft and a forward canard type. She performed well, with Tom Blackaller as skipper and Paul Cayard as tactician in the semi-finals of the 1987 America’s Cup Defender Trials, but was beaten in the finals by Stars & Stripes ’87 by a score of 4-0. She won the Lipton Memorial Trophy (NYYC) in 1987.
Form 1988-1989 she was owned by the St. Francis 12 Foundation, then by Robert B. Cole until 1994, who kept her in Woodside, CA. In 1996 her ownership reverted to the St Francis 12 Foundation, San Francisco, CA. In 2000 she was purchased by Invine Laidlaw, who renamed her Ecosse and brought her to Monaco, FR.
Purchased by Guy Heckman, and renamed USA, she has been actively sailed and raced in the Newport fleet. After the death of Guy Heckman in 2011, his family and son James took care of the boat and kept her racing. In 2014, she was purchased by Dennis Williams.
*Content courtesy: The Twelve Metre Class by Dyer Jones & Luigi Lang